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References

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  1. Hill VM, O'Connor RM, Sissoko GB, Irobunda IS, Leong S, Canman JC, Stavropoulos N, Shirasu-Hiza M. A bidirectional relationship between sleep and oxidative stress in Drosophila. PLoS Biol. 2018 Jul 12;16(7):e2005206. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2005206. PMID: 30001323; PMCID: PMC6042693.

  2. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/11429-common-sleep-disorders

3. Chandra L Jackson, Jenelle R Walker, Marishka K Brown, Rina Das, Nancy L Jones, A workshop report on the causes and consequences of sleep health disparities, Sleep, Volume 43, Issue 8, August 2020, zsaa037, https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsaa037

4. Medic G, Wille M, Hemels ME. Short- and long-term health consequences of sleep disruption. Nat Sci Sleep. 2017 May 19;9:151-161. doi: 10.2147/NSS.S134864. PMID: 28579842; PMCID: PMC5449130.

 

5. Benjafield AV, Ayas NT, Eastwood PR, Heinzer R, Ip MSM, Morrell MJ, Nunez CM, Patel SR, Penzel T, Pépin JL, Peppard PE, Sinha S, Tufik S, Valentine K, Malhotra A. Estimation of the global prevalence and burden of obstructive sleep apnoea: a literature-based analysis. Lancet Respir Med. 2019 Aug;7(8):687-698. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(19)30198-5. Epub 2019 Jul 9. PMID: 31300334; PMCID: PMC7007763.

6. Dopheide JA. Insomnia overview: epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and monitoring, and nonpharmacologic therapy. Am J Manag Care. 2020 Mar;26(4 Suppl):S76-S84. doi: 10.37765/ajmc.2020.42769. PMID: 32282177.

7. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/restless-legs-syndrome-rlsRestless leg syndrome estimates

8. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke-https://www.ninds.nih.gov/narcolepsy-fact-sheet#:~:text=Narcolepsy%20affects%20both%20males%20and,the%20United%20States%20have%20narcolepsy.

 

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9. Center for Disease Control-https://www.cdc.gov/sleep/about_sleep/chronic_disease.html

10. Mayo Clinic-(shorturl.at/JNQ27)

11. National Institute of Health, National Heart Blood and Lung Institute, https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/sleep-deprivation

12. Grandner MA, Jackson NJ, Izci-Balserak B, Gallagher RA, Murray-Bachmann R, Williams NJ, Patel NP, Jean-Louis G. Social and Behavioral Determinants of Perceived Insufficient Sleep. Front Neurol. 2015 Jun 5;6:112. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2015.00112. PMID: 26097464; PMCID: PMC4456880.

13. Healthy People 2030, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Retrieved September 1, 2022, from https://health.gov/healthypeople/objectives-and-data/social-determinants-health

14. Piccolo RS, Yang M, Bliwise DL, Yaggi HK, Araujo AB. Racial and socioeconomic disparities in sleep and chronic disease: results of a longitudinal investigation. Ethn Dis. 2013 Autumn;23(4):499-507. PMID: 24392615; PMCID: PMC3884220.

 

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15.  Watson NF, Badr MS, Belenky G, Bliwise DL, Buxton OM, Buysse D, Dinges DF, Gangwisch J, Grandner MA, Kushida C, Malhotra RK, Martin JL, Patel SR, Quan SF, Tasali E. Recommended amount of sleep for a healthy adult: a joint consensus statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society. SLEEP 2015;38(6):843–844.

16.  Braveman, Paula, et al; Health disparities and health equity: The Issue is Justice.  American Journal of Public Health; Supplement 1, 2011, Vol 101, No S1; S149-S155; 

17.  Pengo MF, Won CH, Bourjeily G. Sleep in Women Across the Life Span. Chest. 2018 Jul;154(1):196-206. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2018.04.005. Epub 2018 Apr 19. PMID: 29679598; PMCID: PMC6045782.

18.  https://www.warren.senate.gov/oversight/letters/senators-warren-booker-and-wyden-urge-fda-to-address-concerns-about-dangerous-pulse-oximeter-inaccuracies-for-patients-of-color

19. Pecha PP, Chew M, Andrews AL. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Utilization of Tonsillectomy among Medicaid-Insured Children. J Pediatr. 2021 Jun;233:191-197.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.01.071. Epub 2021 Feb 4. PMID: 33548260; PMCID: PMC8154654.

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